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Types of Biotherapy

Maggot Debridement Therapy

The treatment of skin and soft tissue infections with fly larvae

Apitherapy (Bee Venom Therapy)

the use of the bee venom for the treatment of chronic inflammatory and disabling diseases such as arthritis and multiple sclerosis.


The use of parasitic worms for the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative collitis and Crohn’s disease.


the use of medicinal leeches for eliminating congested blood from inflamed parts of the body, as well as for peripheral venous and arterial diseases.


the treatment of skin diseases such as psoriasis and abscesses with the help of living fish.

Books on Biotherapy (in chronological order):

A Complete Guide to Maggot Therapy. Clinical Practice, Therapeutic Principles, Production, Distribution, and Ethics. 2022. Frank Stadler (editor). OpenBook Publishers. link >> Clinical Hirudotherapy: Practical Guide: Book 1. General Hirudotherapy. Moscow, 2018...

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